The Last Tsar Nicholas II Of Russia
(18 May 1868 – 17 July 1918)
Nicholas II was the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and titular King of Poland. His official short title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias. He is known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church and has been referred to as Saint Nicholas the Martyr.
Nicholas II ruled from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917. After Nicholas II was killed the Imperial Russia disappeared from the map of the world. Nicholas II violently suppressed the 1905 Revolution.
But in the same year he lost almost all Russian Baltic Fleet in the Russo-Japanese War in which Russia was defeated.
In August 1914, Russia entered the First World War. In this war, Russia lost almost 3.3 million people. Tsar committed a lot of political and military mistakes which led to the defeat in the war and fall of the Romanov dynasty.
The February Revolution of 1917 forced him to abdicate the throne. Then he was imprisoned and exiled to Siberia where all his family were killed on the night of 16/17 July 1918.
Engagement, accession and marriage
Anti-Jewish pogroms of 1903–1906
Bloody Sunday (1905)
Tsesarevich Alexei’s illness and Rasputin
The collapse of his reign